Aug 03

WCX – The Crypto Exchange With Super Low Fees

WCX aims to become the largest and most loved digital currency exchange in the world by setting a new standard of excellence within their field. Learn how you can be part of the future of crypto by earning a monthly income based off how many WCX tokens you own.

You can get up to $10 worth for just signing up on their website.

Go There Now!

 

Advantages Of Using WCX

Tiny Fees. Some exchanges charge up to 1% in fees on every transaction. WCX is 10x cheaper and market makers are paid. That means more money stays in your pocket.

Secure. 98% of customer funds are kept in cold storage at all times. Server infrastructure is segregated and protected with the latest security software.

Built For Scale. Our trading engine was built by Wall Street veterans and field tested for three years, relaying over one million transactions per second without hiccups.

Radically Better User Experience. A unified and powerful trading dashboard means WCX feels fast, fluid, and intuitive on both desktop and mobile.

Awesome Customer Support. Our scalable customer support team is ready to answer your questions whenever you need to ask them, even in times of high traffic.

Global & Anonymous. Start trading wherever you are in the world – no ID verification required. WCX operates entirely with digital currency and does not deal with banks.

Advanced Order Types. Easily submit market, limit, stop, trailing stop, and block orders that work exactly as you expect – with unmatched execution speed.

High-Performance API. Trade programmatically by connecting directly to WCX through REST, WebSocket, or FIX for high frequency traders.

Team. Our team comes from Apple, Deutsche Bank, and IBM, and has decades of experience in building secure, distributed, and massive-volume systems.

 

What are WCX Tokens?

 

10 WCX = 1 USD at ICO

As a holder of WCX tokens, you’re entitled to a portion of WCX’s revenue.

20% of all revenue generated by WCX is automatically paid out to token holders, in amounts based on each holder’s share of the total amount of tokens.

As an exchange, WCX collects fees in many digital currencies. That means that holding WCX tokens is equivalent to holding a passive income portfolio of diverse digital currencies.

WCX is an ERC20 token. The WCX ICO is planned for October 1st, 2017.

 

Roadmap

Beta Launch. 9.1.17

ICO. 10.1.17

Launch. 10.10.17

Mobile Apps. Jan 2018

Margin Trading. Mar 2018

Fiat Integration. Q2 2018

Wallet Decentralization. Q3 2018

 

https://wcex.co/whitepaper

https://wcex.co/

Jul 13

Everything You Need To Know About The Motheship ICO

Everything You Need To Know About The Motheship ICO

It’s every potheads dream to be able to sit at home and effortlessly earn money on the internet while smoking weed all day, well thats my dream at least… Luckily for us the wonderful world of cryptocurrency now allows anyone with a computer to do exactly that.

 

Unless you have been living under a rock for the last decade you will have undoubtedly heard the numerous success stories of people who invested as little as $50 being millionaires now thanks to the skyrocketing price of bitcoin. Early adopters were able to pick bitcoin up for well under $1 each with each of them having a current market price of around $2600.

 

While that boat may have passed, there is still plenty of money to be made in the crypto world. Ethereum has recently surged in price and was coming close to having a similar market cap to bitcoin, however this price increase was not the most exciting thing. Ethereums blockchain is the exciting thing, it allows new companies within the crypto space to raise funding via having an initial coin offering. This means that the company will release a set amount of their coins which will be purchased for set price and the raised capital will be used to start and run the company. Mothership will be a crypto currency exchange based in Estonia, this company has huge potential and this is your chance to get in on the ground floor!

 

The tokens that they are currently offering cost around $0.03 and if the company goes as well as expected you should be looking at least x20 return.

mothership banner

 

Check Out The Mothership ICO Site!

Mothership is building blockchain financial services around the Estonian e-Residence government programme. The core services are an EU token market, an e-wallet connected to Estonian e-Residency, stable & secure cryptocurrency, and a cryptocurrency exchange.

 

What is the functionality of the token issued during the ICO?

The token will reduce your fees on our exchange and grant you access to priority support, pro trading features like advanced order types and early access to our products.
We are committing to buy back our token from the markets with 20% of our trading fees. All tokens bought this way will be permanently destroyed. We will do that until there’s a supply of 100,000,000 MSP (50%) left in circulation.

 

Coin Details:

Token price: 1 ETH = 5800 MSP
Symbol: MSP
Total supply: 200,000,000
Minimal goal: 50,000,000 MSP sold
Unsold tokens: All unsold tokens will be destroyed permanently when crowdsale ends.

 

Jul 05

Alphabay Offline, Users Fearing Exit Scam

Alphabay Offline, Users Fearing Exit Scam

 

I know what everyone is thinking…. Every single one of the alphabay links are down, there’s no word from any staff, someone posted a large bitcoin transaction and people are yelling things about an exit scam. And here you are scouring google for updates every 2 mins.

But let’s be rational about this. All the alphabay links being down is exactly what happens when the staff take the site down to do work on it. Even the forums are usually down during this process, though it has at times been put up prior to the rest of the site, (usually to quell the rumors people post here). And there’s not nearly as much commenting or activity on here as during previous downtimes, which I assume relates to the following fact:

It was the 4th of July in America. I don’t know much about the US, but I assume that day is a public holiday, with banks and the post being closed. As such, the day on which the least Americans would be using the website. And since NA is the largest market for AB, wouldn’t it make sense to do maintenance precisely during this period?

alphabay

I suspect that the bulk of the English speaking staff at AB are also located in North America, so it stands to reason that they might not be around right now to provide updates. And let’s face it – AB has always been terrible at providing updates during periods of down time.

And lastly there’s that huge bitcoin transaction. Dont get me wrong it does look dodgy as fuck but until someone can actually confirm that it’s linked to AB, it’s really just that – a large bitcoin transaction.

If it is true then it is time to move to another marketplace, my recommendation is Hansa. Hansa is a relatively unknown market however it has many unique features which make it by far the best market currently available. Hansa does not have internal bitcoin wallets, you will just sent the bitcoin to an address provided after you have made an order. This totally removes the possibility to lose bitcoin in any future exit scam.

Join Hansa Today – http://hansamkt2rr6nfg3.onion/affiliate/391456

 

How To Buy Drugs On The Deep Web

 

Jun 07

The Great Liberal Democrat Cannabis Lie

Fool me once, shame on you; fool me twice, shame on me.

In the run up to the general election, Tim Farron, who is the leader of the Liberal Democrats, has promised to completely legalise cannabis paving the way for a recreational market within the UK. Sadly this is nothing more than another Lib Dem lie, to be able to go through with such drastic policy change the Lib Dems would have to win a majority in the upcoming election….the current price in the bookies for this is 750/1.

The Lib Dems will do absolutely anything to stay relevant within the current political sphere, they have form for promising young voters things just to secure enough votes to be able to scrape into a coalition with the tories and subsequently go back on everything that they had promised their voters. Last time it was university fees and this time it is the legalisation of cannabis. In reality any vote for the Liberal Democrats is a vote for another four years of tory rule and with Theresa May at the helm there is no chance of decriminalisation never mind legalisation. Theresa May recently linked cannabis use to opioid use and hinted that punishment may become stricter for cannabis users in the next four years.

It is also worth noting that the Lib Dems support for cannabis is not all its made out to be, cannabis merely falls into the category of recreational drugs which cause no harm to the user and therefore the Lib Dems believe that every person should have the right to decide weather they do these drugs in their own personal time. They are more pro liberty than pro cannabis, while this isn’t a bad thing I just don’t believe that they have the right intentions or any real chance of actually being in a position to make such a change. Their leader also recently stated that he would not allow his children or want them to smoke cannabis at any stage of their life, this further backs up my point which is that the Lib Dems are the wrong party to vote for if you want any meaningful cannabis reform.

While Labour have not directly supported cannabis legalisation recently, their leader, Jeremy Corbyn, has previously shown his support for medical marijuana. A Labour government may not lead to full legalisation however I can see them being a lot more lenient than the Conservatives in respect to recreational cannabis while I can see them ushering in medical cannabis. Any pothead out there voting for anyone else other than Labour at this general election needs to take a long hard look at themselves.

 

Apr 08

A Look At How Marijuana Can Help Patients Medically

A Look At How Marijuana Can Help Patients Medically

Marijuana has numerous positive effects on health and can aid people suffering from everything from arthritis to cancer – let’s take a look at some of its proven medicinal uses.

  1. Cancer

Marijuana can stop cancer cells from spreading quickly, and in some cases, it can halt them completely. It does this by targeting the Id-1 gene; marijuana turns this gene off. A study at California Pacific Medical Center, in 2007, indicated that CBD can stop cancer from moving throughout the body. Researchers worked with breast cancer cells; these cells had a lot of Id-1. After being given cannabidiol, the results were good. The cells did not spread as quickly and had less Id-1 expression. The American Association for Cancer Research indicates that marijuana can have a positive impact on lung, breast and brain tumors.

 

  1. Arthritis

Cannabis cuts back on inflammation and pain and can lead to better sleep. Those with rheumatoid arthritis, therefore, can benefit from its effects according to Grant Oster from Headshopquarters.com.

Sativex is a pain reliever that has cannabinoid in it. It was given to patients at a few hospitals to see what the impact was. The hospitals noted that those who took the Sativex had much less pain and slept better than those that only received a placebo.

 

  1. Alzheimers

The active ingredient in marijuana is THC. In 2006, the Scripps Research Institute looked at how THC can help Alzheimer’s Disease, and they found that it keeps Alzheimer’s in check. Specifically, amyloid plaques took longer to form, because THC blocked the enzyme that is responsible for them. Amyloid plaques are problematic because they damage brain cells and may lead to Alzheimer’s disease.

 

  1. Anxiety

Harvard University investigated the impact of marijuana on anxiety in 2010. They found that it could cut back on the user’s unease and worry, ultimately leading to a better mood. It could also function as a sedative. However, marijuana needs to be taken in small doses, because if not, it could make anxiety worse and lead to paranoia.

 

  1. Epilepsy

Marijuana can help manage epileptic seizures, according to a study completed in 2003. At Virginia Commonwealth University, Robert J. DeLorenzo took epileptic rats and provided them with synthetic marijuana and marijuana extract. Less than half a day later, their seizures were halted. THC bound the brain cells that deal with relaxation and excitability, thereby impacting seizures. This study was featured in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.

 

  1. Multiple Sclerosis

M.S. is associated with muscle spasms and neurological issues; marijuana has a positive impact on those symptoms. The Canadian Medical Association noted one study which indicated that marijuana could help patients with multiple sclerosis feel better. After watching 30 different patients with multiple sclerosis, Jody Cory Bloom found that when other medicine did not work, marijuana could help with pain. This was after the individuals smoked marijuana for several days.

Mar 17

Dab Ninja E-Nail Review

E-nails are a new vaporization device which offer the user constant temperature control when vaporizing their chosen concentrates. One of the most unique things about E-nail dab vaporizer rigs are that they have incorporated the use of modern vaping technology which takes the vaping experience to a whole new level. Vaping dry herbs has given way to an entirely new world of dabbing concentrates, which is a popular vaping method respected by users looking for a cleaner, more efficient and safer way to get high. The E-nails allows vaping enthusiasts to get consistent vaporization at a specific temperature. There are so many vaporizers that fall in the E-nails category, but one of the standout ones is the Dab Ninja E-Nail.

enail dab rig

If you are looking for an amazing and affordable e-nail vaporizer that will give you an incredible vaping experience, then you need to get the Dab Ninja. You won’t have to break the bank to get it and it will undoubtedly leave a great taste in your mouth. It is one of the most effective e-nail vaporizers in the market today. It was designed with compatibility in mind. Just to look at a brief overview of its features, here is what it offers.

Feature Wrap-up

– Reaches Temperature within 30 seconds

– Include a one year warranty

– 990 degrees Fahrenheit Temperature

– Universally Compatible

 

The Dab Ninja is very stylish compared to other e-nails vaporizers. It is very small and can easily fit in your pocket or bag, this unique concept makes it stand out from all the other e-nails on the market. Just make sure that you’ve allowed it to cool down before you try and put it in your pocket. The Ninja dab vaporizer is comprised of  high quality components and has a very solid feel to it. The Dab Ninja’s quality is evident from the moment you open the box, you really cant go wrong with this rig.

Super Portable

The device is very portable, and you can go with it anywhere due to its compact design. Its size makes it an ideal e-nail to use on the go. If portability is one of your main concerns while looking for a dab rig, then this is a fantastic option.

enail dabs

Thick Vape Clouds

One of the most incredible things that the Dab Ninja offers is the high quality vapor produced by this rig. This little device has some sort of power behind it. You are able to obtain some milky dabs off this unit very easily. If you use temperature settings that range between 710 to 720 degrees Fahrenheit, you will be able to get some very flavorful dabs.

User Friendly Design

The Ninja has one of the most user-friendly designs. It’s very simple to use even for beginners. It only has three buttons which are the power button and other two buttons which are responsible for temperature regulation. Using this e-nail is as simple as plugging it into the wall, turning it on, selecting your favorite temperature, waiting for about 30 seconds for it to heat up and then you are good to go. There are so many different e-nails in the market today and choosing the best e-nail will give you the kind of satisfaction you are looking for. It is important you consider factors like the technology used, ease of use, portability and price. The Dab Ninja is a great e-nail vaporizer and is available at a reasonable price.

Mar 08

The Inner Workings of LED Grow Light

The Inner Workings of LED Grow Light

You’ve seen them on TV screens, clocks, traffic lights, indicator lights on your phone that tell you the battery’s empty… LEDs. You can just as well think of them as teeny tiny light bulbs, only they don’t have a filament (that wire-thingy in the middle).

We could talk ad nauseam about the differences between the LEDs and incandescent lights in general, but as far as indoor growing goes, LEDs blow all other lights out of the water. They run far cooler (though they do need heat sinks), have better power-efficiency and they recreate sunlight much more successfully, which, as you can imagine, is pretty damn important for growing plants. They’re not without flaws, though (higher price pops to mind), and another, more technical issue. However, before we get to that, we need to cover the basics of LEDs – or Light Emitting Diodes.

How Do LED Grow Lights Work?

To answer this question, we first need to know what LEDs are. So, what are diodes? Well, here’s where things get a little bit technical.

Diodes are what the community calls semiconductor devices, meaning they only conduct electricity under certain conditions (keep this in mind for later). Now, ideally, an atom would bond to its neighbor without leaving spare electrons, but we don’t want ideal conditions. That’s why diodes are “doped” (yeah, I know – LED grow lights, Mary Jane, dope) – in other words, impurities are added to the semiconducting material.

There are two ways you can do this – adding electrons (doping germanium crystals with arsenic) or adding “holes” for electrons to go through (doping germanium crystals with indium). These are called an N-type and a P-type material, aka anodes and cathodes for those who paid attention in physics through elementary. Working together, these encourage the electricity to flow through the diode.

In a stasis, all the electrons are busy filling up the holes, and all the holes are filled up, so that the zone between the two materials (N-type and P-type), aka depletion zone, effectively acts as a buffer, or a dead zone, if you will. How to liven up the situation? Easy, just put some voltage through. Now, it’s imperative that the N-type (anode) is connected to the negative end of the electric circuit, and the P-type (cathode) to the positive one.

This is where the magic happens. As the electrons travel through the depletion zone, they become excited and pass through the holes to either lower or higher orbital (energy levels, essentially). These jumps release a form of energy which you might recognize as photons. The rule of thumb here says the greater the jump, the greater the energy, and the greater the energy, the brighter the light.

Now, choosing one semiconductor over the other will dictate the color of the diode. Granted, some types of LEDs, like pink ones, are essentially white with pink plastic around, but they are a small, small minority.

For example (not to get too technical), we get red (also orange and yellow) from aluminum gallium indium phosphide (AlInGaP) with slight changes in composition, while blue, green and white come from indium gallium nitride (InGaN), in case you want to start making one from scratch.

On a more serious note, though, LEDs have a spectrum of colors far superior to that of incandescent or other kinds of light bulbs, which makes them so well suited for indoor growing. They range from near-ultraviolet, through the entire visible spectrum, to infrared and white LEDs. So far, we know for a fact that reds do affect plant growth, but if you feed your plants only the red side of the spectrum, you get stunty growth. On the other hand, blues and greens encourage growth, but they’re virtually useless during blooming when reds come to the fore.

LED Grow Light Reviews – The Top 10 LED Lights for Hydroponics

For an excellent selection of LED lights visit DrGrowPro.

Feb 22

How To Build Your Weed Brand With Social Media

How to Build Your Weed Brand with Social Media

How would you like to make more sales, get more customers, and build brand awareness, without spending any money? You can. All you need to do is use your social media tools.

You may have heard lots of buzz recently about Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn. These are three social media tools that are popular for many business owners. You can try these tips to help you get started using them effectively.

  1. Play Around on the Sites

LinkedIn is focused on business, so it’s a good tool for B-to-B. Facebook is a “fun” site and works best for products that have a capacity to develop a fanbase. Twitter can help any business make connections, attract customers, and build a reputation.

  1. Raise Your LinkedIn Profile

LinkedIn Answers allow users to ask questions that can be answered by anyone on the site. You can respond to the questions that are relevant to your business and industry, which can help you build your expert reputation.

You must make sure the answers you provide are useful. Do not use this as a way to hard sell your services, this will cause you to have a bad reputation.

  1. Join a LinkedIn Group or Start Your Own

Participate in a LinkedIn Group related to your industry. This is a great way to get to know the people that can help you grow your business, make new connections, and become known as an expert.

  1. Create a Facebook Can Page

Your Facebook Business page is different than your personal page. Create a Fan Page so other members can become “Fans” of your business.  Keep things fresh by posting updates about your business. Make sure you include links, videos, and photos.

cannabis social media

  1. With Twitter Think Quality, Not Quantity

Twitter users post “Tweets” these are messages that are up to 140 characters. When you “follow” someone, you will receive their Tweets. You can repost other people’s quotes which is called “retweeting.” You can get started on Twitter by important the people from your e-mail contact list, then follow them.

From that list, you will find new people to follow. Weed out the people whose tweets don’t interest you. Aim for a narrow niche, rather than going for volume. It’s better to have a small group of 200 followers who are passionate about your industry and business than to have 200,000 who don’t.

  1. Use Twitter Tools

It’s easy to become overwhelmed by the sheer volume of Tweets out there. You can find free applications to organize your tweets using http://twitter.com/downloads. I personally use TweetDeck.

  1. The Benefit of a Blog

Blogs are one of the most influential tools you can use. You can start your blog on your website. WordPress is a simple way to build a blog. If that’s too consuming, you can get mentioned on another person’s blog.

Read some of the top industry blogs, and write a comment on posts that are relevant to your business. Bloggers are hungry for new interesting topics, so make sure to keep them updated on your company’s newsworthy events.

  1. Put In Some Time

Social media tools may not cost money, but you will need to invest your time. Plan to devote at least two hours a day to social media, especially in the beginning. If you don’t have the time, appoint a staff member to do it. Many twenty-somethings would be glad to handle this job.

  1. Find Your Favorite Tool

In time, you’ll get a feel for which social media tool is the most effect for your business. Don’t rely on your gut when it comes time to decide which social media site to focus on.

Measure how many clients you’ve landed on LinkedIn, how many customers your Tweets are bringing into your store, how many blog mentions you’ve received, what those Instagram views look like and how many Facebook fans you have. The tool you choose should be the one with the biggest payoff.

  1. Publicize it

Your marketing materials, business card, and website should include the information needed for people to find your blog, fan you on Facebook, follow you on Twitter or connect with you on LinkedIn. Also, make sure to include these links in your email signature.

Jan 09

The Shocking History Behind The US Drug War

Everything You Need To Know About The Failed War On Drugs

The United States has been at war almost continually since 1776. In the past 236 years we have been fighting some type of conflict for 214 years or about 90% of the time. While this statistic refers to military conflicts it gives a good idea of the mentality of The United States and how they approach obstacles that face them. Taking this into account it should come as no surprise to you how they went about trying to tackle America’s drug problem.

The Start Of The US Drug War  (1906 – 1970)

Firstly I want to take a look at when the war on drugs began, drug use became prevalent in America after the civil war ended, at the time the drug of choice was opium. About 15 years later cocaine became incredibly popular and the coca leaf was also used in items such as health drinks and remedies which were readily available to the public. During this time period the use of drugs was part of everyday life, heroin was used to treat respiratory illness and cocaine could be found in Coca-Cola. Doctors were also very irresponsible when it came to prescribing drugs and regularly gave out morphine for minor pain relief. All of these factors combined meant that at the end of the 19th century there were endemic levels of cocaine and opium abuse within the United States.

Attitudes started to change at the beginning of the 20th century, there was a greater understanding of the addictive qualities of these psychotropic drugs and the local governments were worried about the effect it was having on their populous, in an attempt to curtail this abuse they began to prohibit the importation of opium and banned all operating opium dens. This was followed by the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 which required all doctors to accurately label their medicines so that patients knew exactly what they were consuming, it was at this time that we saw a shift in mentality as people were no longer viewing these drugs as harmless remedies for their aches and pains.

failed war on drugs opium dens

An Early Opium Den

The Harrison Narcotics Act, which was passed in 1914, was the start of a 100 year drug war which we are still fighting today. The act prohibited the manufacture and sale of cannabis, heroin, cocaine and morphine. It was aggressively enforced and even doctors who were providing addicts with drugs via maintenance programs were targeted by the government. Doctors across the country argued that providing addicts with drugs was a valid form of treatment however in 1919 The Supreme Court ruled against them in Webb et al. V United States. In the 20 years that followed this ruling over 5000 doctors were jailed or fined under this piece of legislation.

The creation of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics was a huge turning point in regards to US drug policy, this unit was headed up by Harry J. Anslinger who was set to head the agency for the next 32 years and personally shape US drug policy in the coming years. During his time at this agency drugs were increasingly criminalized. The Boggs Act of 1951 is evidence of this, this act amended the Narcotic Drugs Import And Export Act and set mandatory custodial sentences for drug convictions. This act was heavily focused on cracking down on cannabis use, a first time offence for cannabis possession now carried a minimum sentence of 2-10 years in jail along with a fine of up to $20,000.

The Boggs Act was shortly followed by the Narcotics Control Act of 1956 which has been described as “the most punitive and repressive anti-drug legislation ever adopted by Congress”. This act led to mandatory sentences of 20 years for possession of cannabis, this meant that the mandatory minimum sentence for possession of marijuana was actually higher than the mandatory minimum for murder and rape which was 15 years and 10 years respectively. That sentence was only for possession, if you were unlucky enough t get charged with the manufacture of cannabis then the mandatory minimum was a whopping 40 years in jail. Another part of this law stated that anyone was arrested under this act was not able to be given parole or probation and suspended sentences were no longer a thing for drug offenders. The law also stated that the death penalty could be invoked as a form of punishment for anyone who sold drugs such as heroin to a minor, this was to be expected from a man such as Anslinger as he had set out to establish a drug policy which had a heavy focus on enforcement. He went even further and criticized a lot of judges for being too harsh on drug dealers and drug users and called for even longer minimum sentences.

drug propaganda

Early Drug Propaganda

Harry J. Anslinger was also a big believer in the power of propaganda and when he was in charge of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics they used it  as a preventative measure in an attempt to steer people away from drugs. Under Anslingers watchful eye they created multiple ridiculous myths and incredibly far fetched horror stories in an attempt to scare people away from drugs rather than educating them on the matter instead. It seemed as though Anslinger has a personal fixation on marijuana and he went as far as to blame acts of murder and sexual assault on it, he was noted to have said that cannabis had the potential to make people “fly into a delirious rage which would lead to them committing violent crimes”. The fact that Anslinger and his agency went after cannabis so much could be an indicator that there was people above him who wanted cannabis to remain illegal for whatever reason. Anslinger could have recounted heroin horror stories which were not far fetched and would have been better received by the US public however he chose to keep up the bizarre anti marijuana rhetoric which eventually lead to people just not believing anything drug related if it came from an official government source.

In the decade that followed, the 1960’s, it would become evident that Anslingers propaganda war had failed and if anything it had disenfranchised the drug users within the US. Lack of belief in the constant propaganda and the rise of counterculture of college campus’s meant that they was a large increase in the use of marijuana, hippies and the such also started to experiment with other psychedelic drugs such as LSD in an attempt to expand their minds. Another attributing factor to the increasing levels of drug use was the return of US soldiers from Vietnam, many of them returned home with heroin and marijuana addictions as a result of the long drawn out war.

Lyndon B. Johnson was president at the time and he directed his administration to take a different approach to the war on drugs as it was evident that the current system was not working like they wanted it to. In 1966 he passed the Narcotics Addict Rehabilitation Act which stated that drug addiction was in fact a mental illness and compared drug addiction to the concept of alcoholism. Even though they had recognized that drug addiction was a mental illness and should be treated as such they still pursued criminal cases against drug addicts so there was little that actually changed as a result of this act. There was not even an increase in funding for drug addiction treatment however the act did pave the way for federal expenditure of drug rehabilitation programs in the future.

The Modern Drug War (1969+)

In 1969 Richard Nixon was elected as President of the United States, his new and invigorated war on drugs ushered in a new era for US drug policy. It was not until 1971 that Nixon officially declared his war on drugs, he proclaimed “America’s public enemy number one in the United States is drug abuse. In order to fight and defeat this enemy it is necessary to wage a new, all-out offensive.” Nixon decided to wage war against both sides of the drug trade, he fought the supply side in countries such as Mexico even though it has huge economic impact while also attempting to diminish domestic demand. Although he was taking an aggressive approach to his new war on drugs he did take into account the disease view of addiction and as a result of this Nixon initiated the first significant funding of addiction treatment programs the US had ever seen. His investment in treatment can be seen in the incredibly controversial methadone maintenance  program where heroin addicts could get a prescription for methadone in an attempt to wean people off the feared drug. He must have got something though as the methadone maintenance program is still in use in various countries across the world such as the United Kingdom.

Months after this controversial treatment program Nixon addressed Congress and states that “as long as there is a demand, there will always be those willing to take risks to meet the demand”. It is strange that he publicly admitted that all efforts to prohibit drugs were useless as demand could never be diminished due to the drugs addictive qualities and while there was demand there will always be supply, it is just basic economics.

nixons war on weed

Sadly Nixon did not listen to his own advice, his reason for that will become evident later on. Nixon knew he was fighting an unwinnable war however he still plowed headfirst into it and launched a massive overseas crackdown in Mexico in an attempt to pressure the Mexican government to regulate its marijuana growers. This pressure was applied on foreign soil by the DEA who had been created by Richard Nixon in 1973. At the same time the US government spent hundreds of millions of tax payer dollars on securing the borders between the US and Mexico in an attempt to lessen the amount of drugs coming through the porous border. However as a result of stricter border checks trade between the US and Mexico was heavily impacted, Mexican producers would see their crops rot in front of their own eyes as they waited to be waved through the new secure US border checkpoints.

Although their was a huge economic impact his policy did work and the amount of cannabis coming over from Mexico fell drastically, frustratingly for Nixon this was not going to be enough as Columbia stepped up and supplied the US with the cannabis they demanded via new smuggling routes and the US government was powerless to stop them. The US should have realized after this foreign interdiction that this was not going to work, if they did not tackle the domestic demand then smugglers would always find a way to get their products into the United States.

One of Richard Nixon’s top advisers and a key figure in the Watergate scandal said the war on drugs was created as a political tool to fight blacks and hippies. “The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people,” former Nixon domestic policy chief John Ehrlichman told Harper’s writer Dan Baum. “You understand what I’m saying? We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin. And then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities,” Ehrlichman said. “We could arrest their leaders. raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.” Ehrlichman’s comment is the first time the war on drugs has been plainly characterized as a political assault designed to help Nixon win, and keep, the White House.

President Carter was elected in 1977 and he was a huge advocate for the decriminalization of cannabis as he did not believe that the punishment for possessing a drug should not be more damaging than the drug itself. Although he was voicing support for softer cannabis laws he did not go as far as advocating for the legalization of it. If Nixon couldn’t follow his own sage advice about how interdiction and eradication in source countries was always destined to fail then we cant really blame President Carter for ignoring it either. Just like Nixon, Carter chose to pursue the supply side of the drug war with the majority of funding going towards interdiction and eradication programs on foreign soil.

The dream of decriminalization did not stay around for ever, during Carter’s time in office cocaine use rose sharply in the US with domestic demand going from circa 22 tons to about 120 tons in just a 6 year period. The federal and local governments were worried that marijuana was acting as a feeder drug to cocaine so they decided to back away from the decriminalization plan which was a shame as their was no direct correlation between cannabis and cocaine use during his time in office.

The next notable point in the drugs war occurred when President Reagan gave a speech in 1981. The speech has been compared to one of Nixon’s speeches as Reagan admitted that he knew it was impossible to win the war on drugs by trying to bring down the supply side of the drug trade. Reagan said “It is far more effective if you take the customers away than if you try to take the drugs away from those who want to be customers”. The similarities between the two did not stop with just the speech, just like Nixon had done previously President Reagan decided to ignore his own sage advice and focused on tacking the supply side via interdiction on foreign soil. The numbers suggest that the budget for eradication and interdiction rose from $437 million during Carters presidency to $1.4 billion during the first year of Reagan’s presidency. While he tripled the budget which targeted the supply side he also decided to slash $20 million of funding from programs designed to educate and prevent people from every falling into the trap of psychotropic drugs, rehabilitation programs were also effected by these cuts. While Reagan did focus on the demand side of the drugs trade as well as the supply side he was not very successful. The president decided that he was going to get tough on drug dealers so as a result he launched a program known as the ‘zero tolerance’ program in which punitive measures were the focal point. In 1986 the Anti-Drug Abuse law came into effect which made drug users fully accountable for their own actions and they were penalized accordingly.

bill clinton drug war

The next person to take his place in the oval office was Bill Clinton, he had dropped many hints during his campaign saying that he would take a different approach to the republicans when it came to the US drug war. However this all turned out to be false and for the most part Clinton just continued the Republicans flawed supply side focused drug policy. During Clinton’s 1995 budget an extra $1 billion was allocated for both the supply and demand fronts of the government lead drug war. Clinton also doubled spending on prevention and rehabilitation programs which drew some positive attention from the media at the time, finally it seemed as if someone was taking a sensible approach to America’s drug problem. However soon after this their was a huge increase in the amount of money that was being spent on interdiction and law enforcement which meant that of the $13.2 billion allocated to the drug war approximately $7.8 billion was spent on supply sided efforts which left only $5.4 billion to tackle the demand side of the drug war. There is no doubt that Clinton allocated a lot of money towards tackling the demand side of the drug war however the overall strategy of the government was clearly still targeting the supply side of this unwinnable war.

Although Clinton did little to alter the course of US drug policy he did propose some innovative solutions to the drugs crisis such as the Community Action Programs. However without the support of Congress he not make any meaningful changes in policy. He repeatedly tried to increase spending on the demand side however these attempts where killed by the Republican 104th Congress. It was not just the Republicans to blame as even the Democratic 103rd Congress of the early 1990’s fought against all efforts to shift drug policy towards education, prevention and rehabilitation.

Part 2: US Drug War In The 21st Century (coming soon)

 

 

 

Jan 03

Franco Loja Of Strainhunters Fame Has Died Aged 42

Today is a sad day within the cannabis community. A true legend and pioneer in the cannabis field has passed away. Franco was in the Congo trying to find out if CBD could be used to help treat malaria within the country.

Sadly while filming Franco was diagnosed with malaria and died a few days later in hospital.

For more information check out http://www.greenhouseseeds.nl/franco/

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